Flight Training
Airline Pilot Industry
Coast Flight

Flight schools help their students to be familiar with all the aircraft equipment. Student pilots will be hearing about GPS most of the time during training. As a pilot trainee, you must know what GPS means and its use.

GPS stands for Global Positioning System, a satellite-based system that helps in navigation and made up of a network of 24 satellites placed into orbit and transmitting signals to earth. GPS receivers retrieve this information and calculate the exact location of the user by using triangulation. After receiving the signals, GPS receivers determine how far it is from the satellite location. Utilizing the measurements of distance given by a few more satellites, the receiver can easily determine the position of the user and display it on the electronic map of the GPS unit. In order for a GPS receiver to calculate a 2D position and track movements, a GPS receiver must be linked to at least three satellites.

GPS receivers do not only concentrate on determining the location but also other information like the speed, track, trip distance and much more. Even the weather can be calculated by GPS.

Accuracy of GPS

GPS receivers are very accurate because of its parallel multi-design. As designed by Garmin, it has 12-channel receivers that are quick to respond onto satellites. They also maintain strong locks that enable it to get all the necessary information that is needed. They are designed with all the advancements in today’s technology so that it can keep pace with all the other latest equipments that we have right now.

Latest versions of Garmin’s GPS receivers have Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) capability that can improve the accuracy to less than an average of three meters.

GPS Satellite System

GPS is composed of 24 satellites that are constantly orbiting the earth about 12,000 miles above the earth at roughly 7,000 miles per hour. They are powered by solar energy and have backup batteries in case a solar eclipse occurs. There are two rocket boosters on each satellite for balance and to keep them on track.

GPS Signals

There are three different bits of information that a GPS signal has- a pseudorandom code which is commonly known to be the ID code that identifies the satellite that is transmitting the information; ephemeris data which is constantly being transmitted by satellites and contains information that are important for the status of the satellite, the current time and date; and almanac data which tells the GPS receiver where each GPS satellite must be at a certain time of the day.

GPS is representative of the most advanced equipment that is being offered for aircraft like Cirrus.

Coast Flight Training uses Cirrus models that have GPS to enhance safety and situational awareness.

The Cirrus SR22, which was launched in 2000, is a more powerful version of the Cirrus SR20 and with a larger wing, a higher fuel aptitude and a larger engine used by private pilots all over the world. This single-engine, four seat aircraft is purchased by many aircraft enthusiasts because of the great architecture that exemplifies its usage for a more comfortable flight flying experience.  The SR22 continues to be the world’s best selling general aviation aircraft for many years now.

SR22 Design and Engine

In addition to the pilot, The SR22 can carry up to 4 passengers.  The SR-22 has a fixed landing gear that stands out from other aircrafts. It has a tricycle-designed landing gear and introduces pivoting nose steering using differential brakes on the main wheels. Like all Cirrus aircraft, it has the Cirrus Aircraft Parachute System (CAPS); an emergency parachute pack that can lower the whole aircraft in case of an emergency landing.
It also has the Tornado Alley, an upgrade of the turbo-normalizing kit that has twin turbo-normalizers and intercoolers, as well. With this kind of turbo-normalizer, a pilot may choose to fly higher and faster because of its capacity to store oxygen (which actually can be a built in feature of the SR-22). It is also designed with the light-weight Hartzell 3-blade propeller. It is known to be the fastest aircraft of it’s category at 210kts as its top speed.

Best Choice for Aviation Schools

More aviation flight schools are using the Cirrus SR22 for student pilot because of the power and safety. In 2003, engine models for the earlier version of SR22 were not yet equipped with Avidyne Entegra for primary flight display. It is now the standard. In 2008, the designers from Cirrus and Garmin integrated their ideas and came up with a new kind of cockpit called the Garmin Perspective that became an option in the Cirrus aircraft.
Coast Flight Training, the only Cirrus Training Center in San Diego, offers training in the Cirrus SR22. Grab this opportunity of flying the latest SR22 aircraft on the aviation market and Learn to fly at Coast Flight Training.

Department of Veterans Affairs

The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has approved Coast Flight Training and Management as one of the few entities allowed to receive free funding for military veterans who want and qualify to become pilots.

Flight training at Coast can now be funded for military veterans in a similar way to VA benefits to attend college. In recent years, Congress has approved flight training as a vocational program that qualifies for VA support.

VA will cover 60% of a qualified individual’s flight and instructor costs during the instrument and commercial phases of training and 100% of the written exam and check ride fees. Additionally, Coast Flight Training received a special waiver, which allows for more costs to be covered than is standard. This special waiver was approved given Coasts state of the art fleet infrastructure and academic standards. Students have the option of training in advanced aircraft such as the Cirrus SR20 and SR22 models.

Transfer to Coast Flight Training from another program or school is very easy. Course work and training already complete shall be recognized as part of our program requirements.

If a student is called back to active duty or encounters personal reasons for suspension of training VA benefits will not be taken away. Training can resume anytime without any loss of the student’s VA benefits.

If you are a VA beneficiary or know someone who is, and are interested in learning more about this program, please visit our website or contact our student concierge.

Today I was reminded how amazing the Cirrus aircraft is, can you believe we are able to fly with infrared vision on a single engine aircraft!  The thought aggressively hit me when I glanced into the hanger while the Piper Comanche Pilots Association had a large fly-in at Montgomery Field which hosted around 50 owners.  This pilot crowd brought a much older generation of pilots.  I sat on the other side of the hanger demonstrating the Cirrus Perspective EVS Infrared System and drew the thoughts, “could the owners of the Pipers even comprehend what we are using in the current cockpit?” I had no choice but to invite a few of the Piper owners over to demonstrate what I was so proud of.  The reaction was just amazing, they were not able to form complete sentences, the words were written across there faces, pure shock!  I could see in there eyes the dreams of the reduced stress and workload this cockpit could have given them 20 years ago and even to date with this older generation of aircraft.  As they exited the cockpit I found myself smiling reflecting on the journey I have been on with Cirrus, I was proud to be a Cirrus owner and educator!

Actual view


These two pictures show a Mooney being worked on, the most amazing part is the reflection seen in the cement of aircraft, which is obviously not seen in the real time image!

To read more on the EVS system:

To see a demo of the system in flight:

Learn the value of a Full Motion Flight Simulator with Coast Flight Training’s new Full Motion Flight Simulator. Experience the program for free in 10 minutes.

Flight Simulator

Flight Simulator Programs include:

1) 1 Day Currency Training

2) Emergency Procedures

3) Instrument Training

4) Instrument training in support of  private/instrument pilot ratings to reduce cost of certification

5) Partner in command course

These Simulator Programs were designed by Jeff Bushnell, a Retired  Air Force Colonel who’s 25 years in Air Force training and a background on C141 instruction and Flight Examination.


Schedule a flight, email us at or call us 858-279-4359.

In a recent study complied by the Airport Journal, an industry leading publication, Montgomery Field (KMYF) in San Diego, CA was named the nations 11th busiest general aviation airport in the country, beating out other airports such as Orlando International, Dallas Love Field, and Chicago Midway. While many other airports decreased in operations, KMYF actually increased by 2% from last year, easily beating out the national average decrease of -6%.

KMYF is home to many private, government, business and general aviation aircraft, creating a diverse airport environment which is one of the reasons why Coast Flight Academy established at KMYF.   Furthermore, we are able to utilize the busy airspace for more comprehensive training.  It is widely acknowledged that students training at busy airports are better prepared for flying in general.  KMYF’s active environment is used to teach students how to handle a real world situations, meanwhile, simultaneously building their confidence and decision making skills.  Unlike many schools, Coast’s instructors welcome busy airspace because we know it will challenge our students and prepare them for real world flying after their flight training.

Huge Storm

New York to to Colorado East to West was the biggest cold front I ever seen!  NOBODY was getting through or over this line, most tops were between 45,000 and 55,000’!

Huge Storm

We flew from Baltimore to Cincinnati with the storm off our right wing giving us the light show of our life, strikes happened within every second for the entire flight, just pure power, awesome!!!

All briefings and checklist should be completed before the commencement of the approach. An IFR approach is considered stabilized when all of the following criteria are met from the start of the approach and continue to touch down:

Ø Proper airspeed for the segment of the approach
Ø Correct flight path
Ø Correct aircraft configuration for the phase of flight
Ø Appropriate power setting for aircraft configuration
Ø Normal angle and rate of descent for the type of approach
Ø Minor corrections for pitch and power required to maintain stabilized approach
Ø Normal bracketing (+/-5°) used to correct for lateral navigation deviations

Do not change flap position after crossing the Final Approach Fix until the runway is insight and landing is assured.  If the requirements for landing from an instrument conditions are not met, a missed approach must be executed.

Precision brief elements
Ø Airport name, type of procedure and runway
Ø Transition to final (vectors or Initial Approach Fix)
Ø Applicable Navigation and Communication frequencies set and indentified
Ø Height of the Decision Altitude
Ø Missed approach point and the procedure

Non-Precision brief elements
Ø Airport name, type of procedure and runway
Ø Transition to final (vectors or Initial Approach Fix)
Ø Applicable Navigation and Communication frequencies set and indentified
Ø Rate of descent between fixes
Ø Height of the Decision Altitude
Ø Missed approach point and the procedure

Cirrus Airframe Parachute System

The Cirrus Airframe Parachute System (CAPS) is a whole airframe parachute that was developed by Ballistic Recovery Systems (BRS) specifically for the Cirrus.  Started in 1980, BRS initially focused on parachute recovery systems for ultra lights and hang gliders.  Boris Popov, the company’s founder, started the company after suffering a partial collapse of his hang glider.  It was not until 1998, when used in the Cirrus SR20, that this system was used in a type certified aircraft.  Again, the impetus for its development for the Cirrus was the result of a bad experience.  Cirrus’ co-founder Alan Klapmeier helped push for the inclusion of the parachute system into the design of the first SR20 after having his own midair  collision experience early in his career.

The design of the system was one of the first major hurdles to overcome in creating a system suitable for the Cirrus aircraft.  Due to its weight it would need to have a very large surface area, but it would have to be compact and light enough to fit in the aircraft while still allowing enough room and weight for occupants.  The other major challenge was the envelope of deployment conditions that it had to be designed for.  Typically, parachutes are custom designed for a specific weight and deployment velocity. If you can imagine a skydiver parachute the conditions are fairly straightforward; the body types of skydivers do not vary more than 100 pounds and the terminal velocity of a human is fairly constant. Aircraft present a much larger envelope of conditions under which the parachute must function; weight can vary depending on fuel and passenger payload, but the velocity at deployment can vary tremendously; from a plane that is at the verge of stalling to one that is at max cruising speed.
How were these obstacles overcome?  Several unique design concepts helped to create a system that could deploy at a wide range of speeds, deploy quickly, and also ensure the safety of the occupants.

1.    Get the chute out quick. The surface area of the chute is massive to carry the load of the aircraft at speeds that will not injure the occupants.  In order to deploy such a large mass of fabric, it was important to use an active deployment system.  A rocket deployment system was chosen.  The rocket allows the quick deployment of the chute so that the system can be effective from a mere 400’ above the ground.  This system is very powerful.  If untethered, the rocket could reach altitudes as high at 10,000 feet.

2.   Make sure the chute doesn’t rip the wings off. If the parachute opens too quickly, the deceleration could tear the aircraft apart.  To solve this problem, a sliding ring is used to hold the chute cords close together.  As the chute fills with air, the ring slides down to let the material open wider. This simple system keeps the parachute from filling too quickly.

3.    Keep the occupants safe. Cirrus utilizes special shock absorbing seat cushions and landing gear to further cushion the occupants from impact with the ground.  The cockpit also features a carbon fiber roll cage and a slanted firewall to protect the pilot and passengers and further absorb impact energy.

The system does not end with the parachute itself though.  Training even has a part to play in the success of the system.  Pilots must be trained to recognize conditions that are acceptable for the system deployment and also realize the wide range of situations where deployment of CAPS should be considered.  Surprisingly, one of the outcomes of the system being a part of all Cirrus aircraft are the times when the system is NOT used but could have been used to save the life of the pilot and passengers.  One possible reason is that for the entire history of civil aviation pilots have been trained to react to emergencies without the option of having a parachute.  Other theories suggest that pilots think they can save the aircraft if they attempt to make it to an acceptable landing site or back to the airport.  Whatever the reason, Cirrus has taken the job of training pilots (and passengers) to use the system very seriously.  Even over the past few years improvements continue to be made to training materials and checklists to help ensure that pilots are offering themselves and their passengers the safest transportation available in civil aviation today.

Installation started yesterday.  We will have full motion and the simulator fully running by days end!  More to come!