Weather can be a pilot’s best friend or worst enemy. For the true pilot, there is hardly anything more pleasant than a flight on a beautiful day, but inclement weather can quickly create situations that are both difficult and hazardous. Even worse, bad weather has a tendency to turn up out of nowhere like an unwelcome distant relative during the holidays. Coast Flight Training is committed to preparing its pilots for bad weather so that when the winds howl and the sky darkens, those pilots can bring their aircraft safely and successfully back home.
Unfortunately, not all undesirable weather conditions manifest like rainclouds, in a readily noticeable way. Mountain waves, for example, are strong invisible wind currents that form as air flows over mountain ridges. Loss of control of the aircraft and subsequent disaster can result if these currents catch a pilot off-guard. Although the currents are themselves invisible, the perceptive pilot who knows what to look for can still spot them. Look for standing lenticular and rotor clouds, which appear deceptively motionless, but in fact indicate winds of up to 50 knots or greater. If you suspect mountain waves, keep a high altitude. You’ll want to gain at least 4,000 feet before crossing the mountain, and if possible, plan to cross at a 45-degree angle.
More easily noticeable than mountain waves, but no less dangerous, thunderstorms in Southern California tend to form over mountains and always point to unstable atmospheric conditions. A thunderstorm is a deadly cocktail of every possible weather phenomenon and should always be avoided. Never fly under a thunderstorm, and if you must fly around it, keep a distance of at least 20 miles.
Bad weather rushes to mountains like a moth to the flame, so whenever you fly near mountains, keep an eye open for these and other potential hazards. As always, keep multiple plans handy so you can adapt if as the situation changes.
For most people, checking the weather is a simple matter of sticking a hand out the window. Cold? Wear a scarf. Raining? Get a jacket. But for pilots, the weather report is not so straightforward. Weather conditions, good or bad, have a dramatic impact on how an aircraft needs to be flown, so knowing the weather in intimate detail is an essential part of the pilot’s job; pilots must work with the weather, never against it. Coast Flight Training embraces this paradigm and therefore spares no effort to make sure pilots know how to assess and respond to various types of weather conditions.
Gauging the Weather
Weather is described in two ways: what is happening currently (observation), and what is going to happen soon (forecast). Both types of information are useful to pilots, and are equally important to know. Both are available via a variety of reporting formats.
Forecasts come through a separate set of reports, including:
Stay Informed, Stay Safe
Pilots must become comfortable reading these and other weather reports so they can stay abreast of the most current situations and fly accordingly. Before flying, check these reports and make a careful “go/no-go” decision. While in the air, continue to check for updates and adjust your flight plan whenever necessary. Know your personal limits and those of the aircraft so the weather can remain a friend and not become an enemy.
The Surface Prognostic (Prog) Charts are available at the Aviation Digital Data Services
March 10, 2011
TO: Airline Apps Applicants
RE: American Eagle Pilot Hiring News
American Eagle Pilot Recruitment wanted to share some exciting news with you. American Eagle began hiring over a year ago. We hired 255 pilots in 2010. Our hiring projections for 2011 is over620 pilots. Why the big increase? Four main factors are driving the increase:
If you would like to be a part of these exciting times, make sure you have filled out the application for American Eagle Airlines including our addendum. We are interviewing every week and pilot classes are starting every other week. It would be our pleasure to have you come for an interview so we can meet and discuss your employment possibilities with American Eagle.
If you have an application on file and are interested in a pilot position please send your resume to: AePilotRecruitment@aa.com
Success, to most pilots, revolves around developing a close relationship with your airplane. When you are sitting at the controls, it is essential not only to know how they work, but also to trust them. A pilot who has a less intimate relationship with his or her aircraft runs the risk of putting passengers or cargo in jeopardy—a risk that no pilot should take. The exceptional pilot won’t fly without equipment that is unfailingly dependable, such as the Garmin Perspective System. This fabulous system brings together a host of utilities that help ensure the pilot’s safety and comfort so that he or she can put their trust in the aircraft and focus on flying.
Safety and Air Data
All pilots recognize that the best flight is the one which is safest; other factors aside, no flight can be successful without it first being safe. To that end, Coast Flight Training employs the Garmin Perspective, which offers more superb safety features than most other systems. These include an Attitude, Heading Reference System (AHRS), which utilizes a laser to pitch attitude with extreme accuracy. Because pilots are often called upon to operate in poor weather, the Garmin Perspective is able to create a synthetic vision of terrain, regardless of the conditions. If one screen should happen to fail, the unit can transfer the most important flight data onto another screen, so the pilot is never flying blind. However, having data available is only beneficial if it’s accurate: the Garmin Perspective uses sophisticated air data computers so that data about Attitude, airspeed and altitude are always right on.
Once a pilot is certain the aircraft is safe and providing accurate information, he or she will be able to ride comfortably and focus on the big picture. Failing to recognize something in adverse wx could be critical. Nothing would be worse than making a flight error because you were distracted. The GPS is intuitive to learn, and functional for the pilot to use. It even comes with XM radio so that you can relax and work on building that close relationship with the aircraft necessary for the best flying experience.
Ever have a hard time hearing ATIS on the radio? Whether it is because you aren’t quite in range yet of the frequency or maybe it is because one end or the other of the communications just isn’t that great. Will and Adam don’t have that problem!
When Will and Adam left Duluth, MN they had intended to fly to KAPA. However, they ended up diverting to KAKO instead. As you can see by this MFD screen shot, weather was less then ideal for flying in this area of the country. That is unless you are in the new FIKI equiped Cirrus. Certainly Will and Adam were not inclined to actually land and exit the airplane at KCOS as they were flying over, but with the METAR and TAF’s being provided right on the MFD they knew exactly what they were flying over. No guesing going on in this cockpit. They had the advanced technology of the Cirrus Garmin Perspective avionics backing them up every step of the way so they were able to make extremely informed decisions during their flights.
Training in San Diego is arguably, the best airspace environment to learn to fly. The southern California area contains some of the busiest and most challenging airspace in the world. Throughout your training you will become increasingly more comfortable in this very diverse airspace environment. Within an hour flight radius of Coats Flight Academy, there are 2 class B, 5 Class C, 21 Class D, 3 restricted military zones and over 70 uncontrolled airports.
Within that same distance, you will overfly endless miles of coastline to the west and overfly and land at airfields as high as 8,000 ft MSL. In the San Diego flight operations area, we are blessed with beautiful weather the majority of the year. However, the coastal fog layer and diverse weather of California gives us ample opportunity to train IFR in real instrument Meteorological Conditions (IMC). Furthermore, your training will take you to place such as Las Vegas, The Grand Canyon, Phoenix, lake Tahoe and Mexico.
Living in San Diego is to enjoy the best that California has to offer. San Diego is widely recognized as one of the best places, in the word, to live. The actual lifestyle in San Diego covers a wide range of activities from sailing and surfing, to jogging or playing golf. Whether you are riding your bike or going for an evening stroll, the natural beauty of the San Diego area surrounds you wherever you go. San Diego’s coastline is dominated by beautiful sandy beaches and boardwalks. having some of the best restaurants in California, San Diego offers a very diverse and wide range of dining options. Furthermore, San Diego is home to the major league Baseball team the San Diego padres and the NFL San Diego Chargers. In San Diego, the weather averages 70 degrees(F), with 267 days of sun per year. San Diego was rated the #2 place to live in the U.S. ina nationwide poll conducted by Pew Research Center in 2008.
Motion sickness is common among pilots and other related professionals in the industry of aviation. It is also known as Kinetosis or Travel Sickness. This is a condition wherein a conflict arises between visually perceived movement and the vestibular system’s sense of movement.
The most common symptoms of motion sickness are dizziness, fatigue, and nausea. Frequent yawning, being restless and a cold sweat which forms on the upper lip or forehead are some of the first signs of motion sickness. When the symptoms gradually build, an upset stomach will follow and with this, the patient will eventually feel like vomiting.
Motion sickness is normal and common among many people. Prevention is still the best cure for this kind of discomfort.
To prevent motion sickness, doctors are usually telling their patients to watch their food and drink consumption. Sometimes, food and liquids (including alcoholic beverages) will make you feel unusually full and heavy. Here is the list of Do’s and Don’ts to prevent having motion sickness during your travel.
Motion sickness is common and to prevent it is the best cure. For pilots, they are usually exposed with travelling stressors and are put under pressure. The tips given will make you comfortable during your flights and travels. Prevent motion sickness and make your flight experience a worthwhile one.
Flight schools help their students to be familiar with all the aircraft equipment. Student pilots will be hearing about GPS most of the time during training. As a pilot trainee, you must know what GPS means and its use.
GPS stands for Global Positioning System, a satellite-based system that helps in navigation and made up of a network of 24 satellites placed into orbit and transmitting signals to earth. GPS receivers retrieve this information and calculate the exact location of the user by using triangulation. After receiving the signals, GPS receivers determine how far it is from the satellite location. Utilizing the measurements of distance given by a few more satellites, the receiver can easily determine the position of the user and display it on the electronic map of the GPS unit. In order for a GPS receiver to calculate a 2D position and track movements, a GPS receiver must be linked to at least three satellites.
GPS receivers do not only concentrate on determining the location but also other information like the speed, track, trip distance and much more. Even the weather can be calculated by GPS.
Accuracy of GPS
GPS receivers are very accurate because of its parallel multi-design. As designed by Garmin, it has 12-channel receivers that are quick to respond onto satellites. They also maintain strong locks that enable it to get all the necessary information that is needed. They are designed with all the advancements in today’s technology so that it can keep pace with all the other latest equipments that we have right now.
Latest versions of Garmin’s GPS receivers have Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) capability that can improve the accuracy to less than an average of three meters.
GPS Satellite System
GPS is composed of 24 satellites that are constantly orbiting the earth about 12,000 miles above the earth at roughly 7,000 miles per hour. They are powered by solar energy and have backup batteries in case a solar eclipse occurs. There are two rocket boosters on each satellite for balance and to keep them on track.
There are three different bits of information that a GPS signal has- a pseudorandom code which is commonly known to be the ID code that identifies the satellite that is transmitting the information; ephemeris data which is constantly being transmitted by satellites and contains information that are important for the status of the satellite, the current time and date; and almanac data which tells the GPS receiver where each GPS satellite must be at a certain time of the day.
GPS is representative of the most advanced equipment that is being offered for aircraft like Cirrus.
Coast Flight Training uses Cirrus models that have GPS to enhance safety and situational awareness.
The Cirrus SR22, which was launched in 2000, is a more powerful version of the Cirrus SR20 and with a larger wing, a higher fuel aptitude and a larger engine used by private pilots all over the world. This single-engine, four seat aircraft is purchased by many aircraft enthusiasts because of the great architecture that exemplifies its usage for a more comfortable flight flying experience. The SR22 continues to be the world’s best selling general aviation aircraft for many years now.
SR22 Design and Engine
In addition to the pilot, The SR22 can carry up to 4 passengers. The SR-22 has a fixed landing gear that stands out from other aircrafts. It has a tricycle-designed landing gear and introduces pivoting nose steering using differential brakes on the main wheels. Like all Cirrus aircraft, it has the Cirrus Aircraft Parachute System (CAPS); an emergency parachute pack that can lower the whole aircraft in case of an emergency landing.
It also has the Tornado Alley, an upgrade of the turbo-normalizing kit that has twin turbo-normalizers and intercoolers, as well. With this kind of turbo-normalizer, a pilot may choose to fly higher and faster because of its capacity to store oxygen (which actually can be a built in feature of the SR-22). It is also designed with the light-weight Hartzell 3-blade propeller. It is known to be the fastest aircraft of it’s category at 210kts as its top speed.
Best Choice for Aviation Schools
More aviation flight schools are using the Cirrus SR22 for student pilot because of the power and safety. In 2003, engine models for the earlier version of SR22 were not yet equipped with Avidyne Entegra for primary flight display. It is now the standard. In 2008, the designers from Cirrus and Garmin integrated their ideas and came up with a new kind of cockpit called the Garmin Perspective that became an option in the Cirrus aircraft.
Coast Flight Training, the only Cirrus Training Center in San Diego, offers training in the Cirrus SR22. Grab this opportunity of flying the latest SR22 aircraft on the aviation market and Learn to fly at Coast Flight Training.